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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

FESTIVALS.                                           281
are avenues of it In some of the streets of the city.   The largestj wMcli is In front
of the Bairagf s cell, flowers profusely in the cold ^weather from KoTemlwr to
February : the flowers, much resembling those of the cotton plant in form, are
on first opening yellow and afterwards change their colour to red.    The bud is
exactly like an elongated acorn ; the leaves resemble those of the pipal, bat are
smaller,    OB the high bank oTerlooking the Eaman Retl {where is held a fair
on the llth of each Hindu month) are two handsome cJJiattrLt to members of Afi
Khan's family, of the same design as the one on the other side of the town, but
In a more ruinous condition.   The well close by is called the Go p Ktla.    On ibe
opposite bank, on what is an island in the rains, is the Koila Sarae^ of much the
same size as. the one dt Chantnnha.    The gateways still retain their original
wooden doors and are surmounted by corner eitlm£tns as at Chhata.    The whole
area was occupied till 1871, when it was flooded by the river, which rose to an
unusual height and carried away the city bridge, 18 pontoons of which were
stranded "here.    Since then the site 1ms been deserted, the villagers having all
removed to higher ground.    Outside one of the gates is a mosque and there axe
ruins of other edifices also —undermined aad  partly washed away by
river—including a square building said to have Been a temple of BfaMdeirm,
erected by Jawabdr Sinh of Bharatpur : ike foundations haye been laid bare to
a depth of some sis: or seven feet.
The principal Hindu festivals observed in Maha-ban are the Ram LUa in
the month of Kuvar, first set on foot by a late Tahsildir, Manshi Bhajan Lai;
the Piitana meia, Kartik Sadi Sib ; the Jakhalya mela, held on the Sundays of
the month of Magh (there is a similar festival held- at Paindiiat in the Mnstaf-
almd pargana of the Hainpnri distrioty irfiieh is Believed to have great Influence
on the fail of rain in the winter season) iiie Hamas Bed, held on the sandb of
ihe Jamunay Phalgon Sudi llth; and the Parikama^ or Perambulation, Kattik
Sudi 5th ; this includes the town of Gokol and village of Eavai3 at which latter
place Radha*s mother is said to hare lived.
The Muhammadans, who are only 1,704 in number^ lave several small
mosques and two festivals. One of thes^ the Chatiyal HaMtyis held on the Snd of
Jamadal-awwal, in honour of Salyid Badia-ud-di%l>et±er known as Shah Madiry
whose principal shrine is at Makhanpur on the Isaa. His festivals, wherever
held, are dlsim'jguished by iihe name of Ch»fclyal9 meaning * an open place," and
the heredit^iy Merophants bear the title of Khalifa. The second Mmhaniiaaciaii
mela is the Urs Bargah of Shall Gilam, or Saiyid MakLdum. Hie dargih was
built ahont a century ago by Hawab SuMmia Beg,
71